How Many Letters in Urdu

The Urdu alphabet is that the right-to-left alphabet used for the Urdu language. it’s a modification of the Persian alphabetknown as Perso-Arabic, that is itself a by-product of the Arabic alphabet. The Urdu alphabet has up to forty letters. 39 basic letters and no distinct letter cases, the Urdu alphabet is usually written within the hand Nastaʿlīq script, whereas Arabic is a lot of ordinarily within the Naskh vogue.

Urdu has a total of 52 alphabets, but number of basic alphabets is 39 and 13 are extra characters. Please note that Urdu alphabets have no distinct case.

Writing style:

It is written from right to left, similar in fashion to Arabic or Persian. The alphabets of Urdu language also are terribly kind of like Persian and Arabic alphabets.


Most of Urdu alphabets have constant pronunciation in English. However, this is often not true for all letters. For instance:

The letter (ک ) is pronounced like English alphabet ‘k’. however another alphabet with similar sound is (ق) however it’s no equivalent in English. (ق)’s pronunciation needs you to supply a pointy sound at the rear of your throat.

How many Alphabet in Urdu:

There are total 39 letters in Urdu language. And these are as follows:

  1. ا -> Alif
  2. ب -> Be
  3. پ -> Pe
  4. ت -> te
  5. ٹ -> te
  6. ث -> se
  7. ج -> jeem
  8. چ -> che
  9. ح -> he
  10. خ -> khe
  11. د -> dal
  12. ڈ -> dal
  13. ذ -> zal
  14. ر -> re
  15. ڑ -> e
  16. ز -> ze
  17. ژ -> zhe
  18. س -> seen
  19. ش -> sheen
  20. ص -> wād
  21. ض -> wād
  22. ط -> t̤oʾe
  23. ظ -> z̤oʾe
  24. ع -> ʿain
  25. غ -> ʿghain
  26. ف -> fe
  27. ق -> qaf
  28. ك -> kaf
  29. گ -> gaf
  30. ل -> lam
  31. م -> meem
  32. ن -> noon

32. A> ں -> nūn ghunnah

  1. و -> wāʾo
  2. ه -> choṭī he
  3. ھ -> do-cashmī he
  4. ء -> hamzah
  5. ي -> choṭī ye
  6. ے -> baṛī ye


The Urdu language emerged as a definite register of Hindustani well before the Partition of Bharat. it’s distinguished most by its intensive Persian influences (Persian having been the official language of the Mughal government and also the most outstanding language of the Indian landmass for many centuries before the natural action of British colonial rule throughout the nineteenth century). the quality Urdu script could be a changed version of the Perso-Arabic script and has its origins in thirteenth century Asian country. it’s closely associated with the event of the Nastaliq type of Perso-Arabic script. Urdu script in its extended type is understood as Shahmukhi script and is employed for writing different Indo-Aryan languages of North Indian landmass like Punjabi and Saraiki in addition.

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